IOM - The International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted the third internal displaced person (IDP) Return Intention Survey in Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR) from 13 - 18 March 2014. IOM site facilitators interviewed 598 displaced persons at 28 sites in Bangui. This survey follows the second intention survey conducted from 13 - 15 February 2014.
The main results are the following:
88% of displaced persons left their place of origin in December 2013.
38.6% of respondents continue to rate security as the primary need followed by housing (19%) and non-food items (17%).
15% of displaced persons have stayed at more than one spontaneous displacement site.
58% of displaced persons indicated their intention to return to their place of origin within the next four weeks. In comparison to the previous survey findings, there is an overall decrease in intentions to return. The first survey found 74% intend to return, 66% in the second and 58% in this latest survey.
34% of displaced persons indicate their intention to remain at their displacement site. In comparison to previous survey findings, there is an overall increase from 19% (February 2014) to 34% (March 2014) in the percentage of displaced persons intending to remain at their displacement site.
Reasons preventing displaced people from returning to their place of origin are:
- Belongings are stolen (72%).
- Not feeling secure on the neighborhood (64%)
- Lack of security forces in their neighborhood (59%)
Displaced persons’ primary needs are (1) security (38.6%), (2) housing (19%), and (3) Non-food items (NFIs) (17%).
90% of displaced persons experienced interruption of professional activities due to displacement.
67% anticipate resumption of professional activities upon their return.
Responses suggest that the economic situation is now most critical: almost the totality of the population have reduced the number of meals per day (98%) or borrow money to purchase food (99%), indicate deduced family members’ daily food rations (98%) and/or adults are reducing the daily number of meals in order to provide sufficient food for their children (98%)