Crisis in CAR: IOM’s Response (October 2014)
By: Torsten Haschenz, IOM-CAR Chief of Mission
In December 2013, when sectarian and inter-communal violence erupted in and around Bangui, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) arrived in the Central African Republic to support humanitarian operations. Thousands of civilians were killed, and hundreds of thousands were displaced internally or fled the country. The UN estimates that 2.5 million people – out of a population of about 4 million – were initially in need of humanitarian aid.
In response to migration issues arising from the crisis, IOM established an office in CAR in January 2014. IOM now operates from a head office in Bangui and two sub-offices, one in Boda (en ethnically mixed community 200 km west of Bangui) and the other in Kabo wich covers also Moyen Sido in northern CAR, close to the border with Chad.
IOM’s migration assistance in CAR centres on camp coordination and camp management, displacement tracking, shelter construction for IDPs and returnees, and return assistance to stranded foreign nationals and other vulnerable groups. In an effort to prevent further internal and external displacement, IOM promotes community stabilisation and social cohesion. For example, IOM implements a ‘cash-for-work’ project aiming to benefit a total of up to 10.000 beneficiaries by engaging them in paid daily labour for a period of 10 days each. While in this first phase, disadvantaged community members are able to earn cash to support their families and small business investments, IOM plans to expand the geographical coverage and scope of the project during 2015 and beyond. IOM also implemented social cohesion activities in the 3rd and 5th districts to retain the presence of mixed communities in Bangui.
Our work in CAR is not finished and in the next few months IOM aims to support the return process of displaced people in Bangui, reinforce its presence near CAR’s borders to effectively assist the displaced population, further expand community stabilisation activities, and explore other traditional areas of IOM’s work such as integrated border and migration management, migration and development, return of qualified nationals, out of country voting, law enforcement and rule of law.
The ongoing crisis has had extensive humanitarian, economic, political and security implications for CAR and the neighbouring countries, including Cameroon, Chad, Congo, DRC, Sudan and South Sudan. The crisis has caused large population movements inside the country and across its borders.
IOM remains committed to supporting the efforts of the Transitional Government and the international community in the Central African Republic to fully respond to the crisis.
Return Intention Survey in Bangui
Through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) - a tool developed by IOM to account for the situation and needs of displaced populations in many countries across the world - site facilitators collect information in a consistent, regular and methodic way allowing capturing trends and analyzing information through time.
As part of the DTM methodology, IOM profiles on a monthly basis the population displaced across sites in Bangui, gathering not only demographic information, but also information on the living conditions during the displacement and the return or relocation intentions. To this end, IOM conducted in Bangui, Central African Republic (CAR), household interviews between the 15th and the 23nd of September 2014 interviewing 484 displaced persons at 34 sites out of 35. The sample has been calculated on the overall IDP population1 on sites with a margin of error of 5% and a level of confidence of 95%.
IOM CAR Updates
- IOM Cash for Work Update (Nov 2014)
- IOM Community Stabilization Project Factsheet (Nov 2014)
- Migration Dimensions of the Crisis in the Central African Republic: Short, Medium and Long-term Considerations (Aug 2014) (English | French)
- IOM Central African Republic Fact Sheet (English | French)
- IOM CAR Community Stabilization Briefing (English | French)
- IOM CAR CCCM Activities Briefing (English | French)
- IOM CAR Emergency Response Briefing (English | French)
- IOM CAR Psychosocial Program Briefing (English | French)
- IOM: SitRep (4 - 17 November 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (21 October - 3 November 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (7 - 20 October 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (23 September - 6 October 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (9 - 22 September 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (26 August - 8 September 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (12 - 25 August 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (29 July – 11 August 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (15 - 28 July 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (1 - 14 July 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (17 - 30 June 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (3 - 16 June 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (20 May – 2 June 2014)
- IOM: SitRep (6 May- 19 May)
- IOM: SitRep (22 Apr- 05 May)
- IOM: Return Intention Survey (Apr)
- IDP Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Report - September 2014
- DTM Report focusing on IDP population in Bangui - CAR - August 2014
- Enquête Sur Les Intentions de Retour Des Personnes Déplacées à Bangui (Juillet 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (July 2014)
- Enquête Sur Les Intentions de Retour Des Personnes Déplacées à Bangui (Juin 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (June 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (May 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (April 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (March 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (February 2014)
- IDP Return Intention Survey in Bangui (January 2014)
- Map of IDP sites in Bangui 9 September 2014
- CMP Dashboard 3 September 2014
- Displacement trends in CAR 3 September 2014
- Map of IDP sites in Bangui 3 September 2014
- Map of IDP sites outside Bangui 3 September 2014
- IDP numbers in Bangui 27 August 2014
- Map of IDP sites in Bangui 27 August 2014
- Changes in IDP numbers at Bangui sites since December 2013
- IDP Sites in Bangui (15 August 2014)
- IDP numbers in Bangui (15 August 2014)
- Map showing numbers of IDPs in sites in Bangui 5 August 2014
- Displacement Movements in CAR, 15 July - 4 August 2014
- IDP sites in CAR (as of 31 July 2014)
IOM Graphic Novel Contributes to Social Cohesion
IOM designed a graphic novel based on real-life stories of the beneficiaries of its community stabilization project, which aims to promote social cohesion among mixed communities in Bangui. The graphic novel describes, from beneficiaries’ perspectives, the effects of IOM’s cash-for-work activities and efforts to encourage peaceful cohabitation in Bangui communities. The content of the novel was drawn from beneficiaries’ stories of how they found out about the project, why they wanted to participate in cash-for-work activities, and how they used the money they earned to start new lives for themselves and their families.
While participating in cash-for-work activities, such as cleaning gutters or repairing bridges, many beneficiaries like to sing songs about their work. This inspired local singer/songwriter Yves to compose an anthem specifically about IOM’s community stabilization project. The French-language song, which plays over the comic book, is being recorded in several local languages including Sango and Arabic.
IOM Supports Community Stabilization in Bangui
‘Travaillons en unité pour la cohésion sociale à Miskine” is a community theatre production written by members of the Association Nationale des Artistes Comediens in coordination with the IOM Community Stabilization Unit. The play highlights themes of peace and reconciliation, and promotes peaceful cohabitation in the mixed fifth district in Bangui. The play was performed by two comedians and a woman from the fifth district on August 13, 2014 in Bangui. IOM’s Community Stabilization Unit is supported by the European Union.
IOM Promotes Social Cohesion in Bangui
One of the major objectives of IOM’s Community Stabilization project, funded by the European Union, is to promote social cohesion among mixed communities in Bangui. IOM works closely with local associations to identify projects that originate from the community and will contribute to peaceful cohabitation among mixed ethnic and religious groups. View photo story